Tuesday, July 6, 2010

Some preliminary notes and bibliography for Escorial Iliad manuscripts E3 and E4

(Updated 1/6/2011) As work begins in Madrid, I thought it would be helpful to gather here some preliminary notes and bibliography for the two manuscripts of the Iliad that are being digitized over the next few weeks. Once we have had a chance to study the images, I or others on the team should be able to improve upon these initial notes, which were taken before arriving in Spain.



E3 (= West E, Escorialensis Υ.I.1) is an 11th century parchment codex consisting of 336 folios, containing Iliad 1.1–24.717 with accompanying scholia.The first seven folios have been restored by later hands (folio 1 in the fifteenth century, folios 2–7 in the thirteenth century). Individual books are preceded by a one verse metrical summary, (the same one verse summaries that you find in Venetus B, but occasionally the one from A is also added in a later hand - see, e.g., folio 40r, the beginning of book 3). There are no hypotheses, subscriptions, or critical signs. The text and scholia in this manuscript are closely related to the ones in the Venetus B, which is also from the eleventh century; Maniaci (2006) has argued that Venetus B and E3 are “twins,” in that every folio matches the layout and content of the corresponding folio in the other manuscript. (As Bethe first noted, it is only the oldest, numbered set of scholia from B that is found in E3.)  According to the catalogue, the manuscript was purchased in Venice 1572 by  Guzmán de Silva for Philip II, which supports the connection between the two manuscripts—though of course all three were almost certainly produced in Constantinople not Venice, ca. 400 years before coming to Venice. Venetus A, Venetus B, and E3 all have the same style of binding.

E4 (= West F, Escorialensis Ω.I.12) is another eleventh-century parchment codex, thought by Allen to be later than E3,5 consisting of 216 folios, containing a complete text of the Iliad, a commentary with lemmata on Iliad 1–2.300, hypotheses, lives of Homer, a summary of the Cypria, an excerpt from the Batrachomyomachia (“Battle of Frogs and Mice”), excerpts from Porphyry, and other scholia with lemmata. The main text of the Iliad begins on folio 7, where a new set of scholia likewise begins. Individual books are preceded by hypotheses and a one verse metrical summary (the same one verse summaries that you find in Venetus A), and the right columns consist of a paraphrase. According to Allen (1931:148), E4 is not related to any of the other early minuscule manuscripts. The scholia seem to have been collected from several different sources. There is a set of numbered scholia which corresponds to the numbered scholia in B, E3, and Laurentianus 32.3 (= West C). There is another set of scholia in the same hand that is connected to the text with signs, which contain material from the so-called “D scholia” (also known as the scholia minora). This set of scholia is also found in B, but it is in the second, later hand of B. The scholia in this group are linked to the text through signs. The manuscript seems to have been acquired in Venice for the price of 25 ducats, according to a subscription on the last folio (liber mei Benedicti Cornelii quem emi meis pecuniis pretio ducatorum viginti q).

[The image is of folio 124 recto of manuscript E3, showing the beginning of book 10 of the Iliad.]

Bibliography (in order of publication)

Tyschen, T. C. “Beschreibung der Handschriften des Homer in der Escurial.” Bibliothek der alten Litteratur und Kunst VI (1789): 134–144.

Bekker, I., ed. Scholia in Homeri Iliadem. Berlin, 1825-1827.

Miller, E.  Catalogue des Manuscrits Grecs de la Bibliotèque de l’Escurial. Paris, 1848.

Dindorf, W., ed. Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem. Oxford, 1875-1888.

Bethe, E. “Zwei Iliashandschriften des Escorial.” Rheinisches Museum für Philologie Neue Folge 48 (1893): 355–379 and 484.

Allen, T. W. Homeri Ilias. Vol. I–III. Oxford, 1931.

Revilla, A., ed. Catálogo de los códices griegos de la biblioteca de el Escorial. Vol. I. Madrid, 1936.

de Andrés, G., ed. Catálogo de los códices griegos de la Real biblioteca de el Escorial. Vol. II–III. Madrid, 1965–1967.

Erbse, H., ed. Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem. Berlin, 1969-1988.

West, M. L., ed. Homeri Ilias. Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1998–2000.

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